A variety of lifestyle factors can influence fertility, and making positive changes can significantly enhance your chances of conceiving. Whether you’re just starting to think about having a baby, you’ve been trying for a while, or perhaps you’re even pursuing IVF treatment, we discuss lifestyle factors to improve your fertility and increase your chances of conceiving:

1. Maintain a Healthy Weight

Your weight plays a crucial role in your fertility. Both being underweight and overweight can affect your hormonal balance and menstrual cycle, making it harder to conceive.


  • Balanced Diet: Focus on a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoid excessive sugar and processed foods.
  • Regular Exercise: Engage in moderate physical activity regularly. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity each week.
  • Consult a Professional: If you’re struggling with weight management, consider consulting a nutritionist or a healthcare provider for personalised advice.

2. Manage Stress

High levels of stress can negatively impact your fertility by affecting your hormones and menstrual cycle. Finding ways to manage and reduce stress is essential.


  • Mindfulness and Meditation: Practice mindfulness or meditation techniques to reduce stress and improve mental well-being.
  • Relaxation Techniques: Incorporate relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, yoga, or tai chi into your routine.
  • Hobbies and Leisure Activities: Engage in activities that you enjoy and that help you relax, such as reading, gardening, or listening to music.

3. Eat a Fertility-Boosting Diet

Certain nutrients and foods can support reproductive health and boost fertility.


  • Antioxidant-Rich Foods: Consume foods high in antioxidants like fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Antioxidants protect your body’s cells, including eggs and sperm.
  • Healthy Fats: Incorporate healthy fats such as avocados, olive oil, and nuts into your diet. Avoid trans fats found in processed and fried foods.
  • Whole Grains and Lean Proteins: Choose whole grains over refined grains and include lean proteins like fish, chicken, and legumes in your meals.

4. Limit Alcohol and Caffeine Intake

Excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption can negatively affect fertility in both men and women.


  • Alcohol: Limit alcohol consumption to occasional, moderate amounts or eliminate it altogether if you’re trying to conceive.
  • Caffeine: Keep your caffeine intake below 200-300 milligrams per day, equivalent to about one to two cups of coffee.

5. Quit Smoking

Smoking has been linked to reduced fertility in both men and women. Quitting smoking can significantly improve your chances of conceiving.


  • Seek Support: Consider joining a smoking cessation program or seeking support from a healthcare provider to help you quit.
  • Healthy Substitutes: Find healthy substitutes for smoking, such as chewing gum, drinking water, or engaging in physical activity.

6. Stay Hydrated

Proper hydration is essential for overall health and can positively impact your fertility.


  • Drink Water: Aim to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day.
  • Limit Sugary Drinks: Avoid sugary beverages and opt for water, herbal teas, or infused water with fruits and herbs.

7. Monitor Your Ovulation

Understanding your ovulation cycle can help you time intercourse more effectively and increase your chances of conception.


  • Ovulation Kits: Use over-the-counter ovulation predictor kits to identify your most fertile days.
  • Track Your Cycle: Keep track of your menstrual cycle using a calendar or fertility app to better understand your ovulation patterns.
  • Basal Body Temperature: Measure your basal body temperature daily to detect the slight increase that occurs after ovulation.

8. Avoid Environmental Toxins

Exposure to environmental toxins can affect your reproductive health and fertility.


  • Household Products: Use natural or organic household cleaning and personal care products.
  • Food Choices: Opt for organic produce to reduce exposure to pesticides and chemicals.
  • Workplace Safety: If your job involves exposure to harmful chemicals or radiation, take appropriate safety precautions and consult your employer about minimising risks.

9. Get Adequate Sleep

Adequate sleep is essential for maintaining hormonal balance and overall health.


  • Sleep Routine: Establish a regular sleep routine by going to bed and waking up at the same time every day.
  • Sleep Environment: Create a restful sleep environment by keeping your bedroom dark, quiet, and cool.
  • Limit Screen Time: Avoid screens (phones, tablets, TVs) at least an hour before bedtime to improve sleep quality.

10. Regular Health Check-Ups

Regular health check-ups can help identify and address any underlying health issues that may affect your fertility.


  • Consult a Doctor: Schedule regular visits with your healthcare provider to monitor your reproductive health and address any concerns.
  • Screenings and Tests: Undergo recommended screenings and tests to identify potential issues early on.
  • Fertility Specialist: If you’ve been trying to conceive for a year or more without success (or six months if you’re over 35), consider consulting a fertility specialist.

Improving your fertility involves a combination of healthy lifestyle choices, stress management, and regular health check-ups. By focusing on maintaining a healthy weight, managing stress, eating a fertility-boosting diet, and making other positive changes, you can enhance your chances of conceiving. Remember, every small step you take towards a healthier lifestyle can make a significant difference in your fertility journey.

Wishing you all the best on your path to parenthood!

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